Community-Based DDR & SSR

"Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reintegration" (DDR) is a process which aims to deal with the post-conflict security issues that arise when combatants are left without livelihoods and support networks, during the vital period that stretches from conflict to peace, recovery, and development.

This definition of DDR focuses on four stages: Disarmament, Demobilisation, Reinsertion, and Reintegration. A "Security Sector Reform" (SSR) involves transforming the security sector, which includes all actors - their roles, responsibilities, and actions – working together to manage and operate the system in a manner that is consistent with democratic norms and sound principles of good governance, and thus contributing to a well-functioning security framework.

Security governance issues such as DDR, SSR, and reinforcing the rule of law are now increasingly recognised as priority peace-building tasks. Pax Christi International acknowledges the inter-linkages between security sector reforms and other important factors of stabilisation and reconstruction, such as transitional justice; disarmament, demobilisation, repatriation, reintegration, and rehabilitation of former combatants; small arms and light weapons control; gender equality, children, and armed conflict; and human rights issues.

For Pax Christi, it is crucial that civil society and community-based organisations are included in the design of a DDR/SSR process. DDR/SSR processes take root at local levels and which is essential to their legitimacy and sustainability.

Pax Christi International published “The Reintegration of Ex-Combatants in Central Africa: What Are the Challenges? Accounts by 12 Men and Women from the Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi. Recommendations to the International Community.”