Haiti: Building a country after the elections of 20 November 2016
(English version – the originalal version is Haitian Creole)
During December, CRAN (Cellule de Réflexion et d'Action Nationale : "Think Tank and National Action") managed two meetings to analyze the elections of 20 November 2016. Essentially, the main plan for CRAN is to highlight the national interest and thus to put an end to all pointless debates.
A great effort has been made to plan better elections. The observers admit it unanimously. The PS members ' training (Polling Station) has been improved considerably; better voting booths ; marking ink ; the police presence. This means that an irreproachable organization depends on the willingness. But meanwhile some unscrupulous people are always ready to defraud.
Not only the protest period is still valid but also the result is uncertain. In spite of that, the previous events could consequently be beneficial to the country.
- CRAN and all observers have noticed a poor turnout, and in this case democracy would be impossible. It should be therefore necessary to explore the reasons of this abstention.
Let us ask the right questions :
- 1. Above all, are the Polling station located far away?
- 2. Is it a problem of bad weather?
- 3. Is the election system suitable for our country?
- 4. Are citizens avoid the political field? Too Many disappointments towards politicians? The main problems never solved? People requirements wrongly understood? So many selfish politicians?
- 5. The absence of a large number of agents in the PS has been recorded. Is this problem due to the new regulations that prevent to vote at a polling station of their choice?
- 6. Some places like Corail and Cannan (huge slums built after Cabris earthquake) have not center to vote. In addition of this, provincial citizens have no choice to endure a long distance just to vote.
Answers to these questions should be found from a meeting.
- According to CRAN, the improvement of the turnout rate would be possible by concentrating on the problem of election lists. Several problems have been highlighted:
- 1. Firstly, after their moving, most of citizens have not reported their current address. Basically the update of the information was neglected by ONI.
- 2. Furthermore for some cities, a setback has been noted. For example regarding Gonave, the town hall kept a great deal of identification documents. In this case the state, more exactly the local authorities are at the origin of this complexity.
- 3. Several decisions are particularly incomprehensible such as the change of polling station without having moved. More than that, many problems have been noticed in the election lists that is to say a difference between the displayed lists and the lists of the polling station, noncompliance with alphabetical order, misspelled names, and also unknown photos. Such problems stem from PEC and from PS who has lacked rigor in the election lists.
- 4. The information regarding PS should be published trough short messaging services. This system was highly efficient before elections, but unfortunately, on D Day this goal has not reached due to technical problems. In this precise case, these troubles come from Phone Company and yet a contract was properly signed with PEC.
Frequently some citizens wish seriously to vote but state authorities have never provided them any opportunities. It is therefore a violation of human rights law. The state authorities should not take this problem lightly.
- So here, CRAN proposals to get things moving since the democracy has to be real and this, with the presence of people.
- 1. PEC has to finalize the elections: the local elections (local authorities) and also the indirect elections.
- 2. It is imperative to set PEC (the Independent Permanent Electoral Council. It is extremely important for the council to be active just to gain experience and improve the electoral process. Above all PEC has to be independent. The amendments inserted in the French version of the constitution of 1987 do not attach the importance at this political independence. On the other hand CRAN is convinced that the creole version of constitution is more interesting to achieve this goal, and this just after the indirect elections.
- 3. ONI must be considered as public service in charge of identification. In fact the address and date of birth are regarded as an identity. In addition of this, ONI should be have a correct database concerning citizens; it must also collaborated with the registry office and lead a motivational campaign.
- 4. PEC should make sure to obtain a correct election lists. The election is synonymous with proximity; and so democracy and citizen participation will be impossible if people have not opportunity to vote close by.
- 5. Political parties will be obliged to invest in the civic education field. In this education we have to find: tolerance, respect and understand the commitment.
- In regards to Sanctions, it is recommended for PEC to penalize each person who did not hesitate to defraud during the election of 20 November 2016. Notably incorrect fines from members of PS just to favor a candidate: for example the refusal from this members to sign fines despite the accuracy of the information.
In addition, convinced by its efficiency, some candidates promote the violence trough their scare speech. It is really the moment from PEC to apply sanctions planned by the electoral decree.
Meanwhile, others candidates have filed a great deal of false statements regarding their police record. It is important for the country to trust the elected to parliament. The parliament must ensure its responsibility.
- CRAN would like that the various politicians collaborate together in order to agree on a bill. This collaboration will give an opportunity to guarantee the future of the country and so for its people.
With the aid of its institutions, the country should agree on
- 1. An agricultural policy that values family farming
- 2. A school system that could offer for each child a real opportunity to succeed. And so discrimination will never have its place at school.
- 3. A health care system with which citizens could benefit from assistance in case of illness
- 4. A judicial system that operates, particularly for beneficiaries who will no longer have to figh with justice.
- 5. A labor code that allows employees to fight for better working conditions.
- The electoral process divides strongly the people. Actually the aim of politicians will be therefore to unite these persons and without exception. They really have to give hope to the country. In fact it will be necessary to have a government that could implement its public policy. This public policy must be taken seriously that is to say an effective public service that values each of them.
We suggest that the president elected convenes the general states of nation where the government, social groups, churches, the press, political parties and civil society can meet in order to analyze the country’s situation and even to make proposals to gain the trust and the optimism of people.
On behalf of CRAN,
Pierre Yoldy Clermont, TKL
Rateau Jn Ulrick, ASOKOPEG
Philomé Lucien, KLAM
Jn Guillaume Vivianette, CRAN
Me Chrisnel DORSAINIL, CREE
P. Jan Hanssens, cicm, CONASCH, coordonnateur CRAN