Haiti: considerations on the general situation of the country by our member organisation

 

Find the original report in Haitian Creole and French here.
Cliquez ici pour le rapport original en créole haïtien et en français ici.

 

Some considerations on the general situation of the country
July 2017

For two to three months, the CRAN has not been heard. That was because the CRAN observed the government's action.


1. The high cost of living

It is no secret to anyone, the cost of living increases every day, but everyone may have a different perception of things. When fuel prices go up, transportation becomes more expensive and all the commodities that use the means of transportation to enter the market follow. In the same way, the US dollar becomes more expensive and immediately the prices of all imported commodities follow.

But we also observe that when the exchange rate of the dollar falls, prices in general remain as before ... which benefits from the efforts of the Government to bring down the rate of the dollar with the means of the State?
Everything becomes expensive, but the wages of the workers remain at the same level, as is seen for wages in subcontracting. In the education sector, many people work without receiving a salary. In the meantime, corruption remains what it is, waste in the state does not diminish ... the authorities continue to move with their security procession, which raises questions: why should they be wary of the population?

CRAN believes that the issue of high cost of living requires a holistic approach. Of course, the state needs revenues to organize good public services, but at the same time, the state must fight hard against corruption and waste. The authorities should set a good example. At the same time, the public expects good state services and good accountability.

Corruption is one of the causes of the expensive life of life, especially for the most vulnerable, because they are the ones who ultimately pay.
When the cost of living increases for a category of people, it becomes more expensive for all. It is therefore normal that there should be increases in wages according to the needs of the workers and their families.

 

2. A fair wage

When someone works all day in a factory, at the end of the day, only the salary remains for him to live. Of course, each society is different. But those who claim that wages can not be adjusted for fear that the factories will leave the country know well that it is not the issue of wages alone that is at stake.

Salaries in Haiti are among the lowest in the region. According to the World Bank the average salary in the Dominican Republic is US $ 455,80, in Haiti the average monthly salary is still US $ 63,30.

It is quite normal for the population to improve their living conditions through their work. Would 335 gourdes for a working day allow a family to live? A consultation in a state dispensary costs 50 gourdes; We do not leave without a series of prescriptions for examinations to be made. Let's not talk about drugs. State services? This is almost no longer the case. Health Insurance? Not available for the majority of the population. Schools are paid dearly, or the schools of the state that are on strike must be chosen as their main activity.

The CRAN does not understand why a single worker who receives the lowest wage would not have the right to improve his living conditions. The employers proposed that the State should organize social services for workers. But what would be the future of these services? Today they are there, tomorrow they no longer exist. Then it is the money of the State (the money of the people) that would finance them. Thus, a subsidy system is introduced into the subcontracting factories. A father or a mother of a family must be able to carry something for his family when he receives his salary. This is a requirement of justice.

 

3. Justice for peasants

When analyzing the Prime Minister's Declaration of Government, the CRAN questioned the agricultural policy of the Government.

The Constitution of the country requires that the State protect the peasants who occupy the land, work it and make it grow. We can read the preamble to the Constitution and sections 246 to 251.

The CRAN learned that in several locations across the country, as in Cabaret (in Manégue), peasants were expelled from their land, which is state land. But some people in the state want to offer the land as a gift to private people to make plantations or free zones.

CRAN asked the Government to explain its agricultural policy clearly. The majority of the Haitian population still works the land as part of a small family business. The State does not frame them, they receive no form of credit from the State or private banks. Now they are treated as if they would prevent the advancement of the country. The government in power has come to power with the promise of giving a response to the peasants; It owes them a real answer. It can not be content with false promises and alliances with the bourgeoisie, and expel from their lands those who want to improve the performance of their labor.

 

4. A society full of conflicts

Confronted with the many conflicts that cross the society, the CRAN demands:

  • There is a need for transparency on the part of the authorities. Transparency does not mean big declarations or even a roadmap. Transparency refers to political choices and priorities that are made public. For example, it is necessary to be clear when we want to regroup the ADFs, because the population no longer wants to repeat the mistakes of the past.
  • The Government has pledged to resolve the crisis in prisons by providing adequate living conditions for detainees and prisoners. For this, the President had created a presidential commission. But the report produced mainly illustrates the settling of political accounts.
  • The Government must solve the many problems that arise and not allow them to poison the social climate. Conflicts in administrations like the OAVCT, the courts, the schools, the world of work, ... If people have rights, that the State gives a positive answer. If the State has responsibilities, let it take its responsibilities. If people do not have a right under the act, let's explain the solution clearly.
  • In the midst of discussions and demands, the state must show its capacity to manage problems. Similarly, social groups must demonstrate an understanding of the country's problems.
  • The state must become credible and firmly committed to what it must do: fight against corruption, fight against waste and impunity, in order to deserve the confidence of the population.
  • Finally, a climate of social dialogue must be established in the country. The different sectors must be able to meet. Confidence and transparency are the prerequisites.

On behalf of the CRAN

Pierre Yoldy Clermont, TKL, cell. 4242 5501
Rateau Jn Ulrick, ASOKOPEG, cell. 3694 4450
Philomé Lucien, KLAM, cell. 3720 7416
Jn Guillaume Vivianette, CRAN
Lovely Lubin, sekretè CRAN, cell. 3706 9640
Papatoute Egzanté, TKL, cell. 4491 0558
Me Chrisnel DORSAINIL, CREE, coordonnateur adjoint, cell. 3727 4593
P. Jan Hanssens, cicm, manm CONASCH, coordonnateur CRAN, cell. 4084 3139

 

Haiti, general situation, report